The Yeditepe Medical Journal (YMJ) is open access peer reviewed international journal that is freely available to the readers. The journal welcomes manuscripts related to all aspects of medical and health sciences from researchers worldwide. Contributions are in English and processed via the journal’s website (Online Submission). YMJ invites authors to submit their original work that communicates to the international scientific and clinical communities, their current research, may they be either theoretical, applied or clinical innovative studies. YMJ is published quarterly and electronically. We welcome original research articles, review articles and case reports in all aspects of medicine, health sciences, pharmacy and biotechnology.